Filed pursuant to Rule 424(b)(3)
Under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended
Registration No. 333-271567
7,721,781 shares of Common Stock
This prospectus relates to the offering and resale by the selling stockholders identified herein of an aggregate of 7,721,781 shares of common stock, par value $0.00001 of Cyngn Inc. We are not selling any common stock under this prospectus and will not receive any of the proceeds from the sale by the selling stockholders of the common stock.
The selling stockholders may sell or otherwise dispose of the common stock covered by this prospectus in a number of different ways and at varying prices. We provide more information about how the selling stockholders may sell or otherwise dispose of the common stock covered by this prospectus in the section entitled “Plan of Distribution” on page 10 of this prospectus. For information on the selling stockholders, see the section entitled “Selling Stockholders” on page 9 of this prospectus. Discounts, concessions, commissions and similar selling expenses attributable to the sale of common stock covered by this prospectus will be borne by the selling stockholders. We will pay all expenses (other than discounts, concessions, commissions and similar selling expenses) relating to the registration of the common stock with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC” or the “Commission”).
Our common stock is listed on The Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “CYN.” On May 30, 2023, the last reported sale price of our common stock was $1.04 per share.
We may amend or supplement this prospectus from time to time by filing amendments or supplements as required. You should read the entire prospectus and any amendments or supplements carefully before you make your investment decision.
Investing in our securities involves risks. You should carefully read the “Risk Factors” beginning on page 4 of this prospectus before investing.
Neither the SEC nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or passed upon the accuracy or adequacy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.
The date of this prospectus is June 13, 2023
TABLE OF CONTENTS
|ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS||ii|
|SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS||3|
|USE OF PROCEEDS||5|
|DESCRIPTION OF CAPITAL STOCK||6|
|PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION||10|
|WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION||12|
|INFORMATION INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE||13|
ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS
This prospectus is a part of a registration statement on Form S-3 that we filed with the SEC. Under this registration statement, the selling stockholders may sell the securities described in this prospectus in one or more offerings. A prospectus supplement may add to, update or change the information contained in this prospectus. You should read this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement, together with the information incorporated herein by reference as described under the heading “Information Incorporated by Reference.”
You should rely only on the information that we have provided or incorporated by reference in this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement. We have not authorized, nor has any selling stockholder authorized, any dealer, salesman or other person to give any information or to make any representation other than those contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus or any applicable prospectus supplement. You should not rely upon any information or representation not contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus or any applicable prospectus supplement. We take no responsibility for, and can provide no assurance as to the reliability of, any other information that others may give you.
This prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement do not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy any securities other than the registered securities to which they relate, nor do this prospectus and any accompanying prospectus supplement constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy securities in any jurisdiction to any person to whom it is unlawful to make such offer or solicitation in such jurisdiction. You should not assume that the information contained in this prospectus or any applicable prospectus supplement is accurate on any date subsequent to the date set forth on the front of the document or that any information we have incorporated by reference is correct on any date subsequent to the date of the document incorporated by reference, even though this prospectus or any applicable prospectus supplement is delivered or securities are sold on a later date.
As used in this prospectus and unless otherwise indicated, the terms “we,” “us,” “our,” “Cyngn,” or the “Company” refer to CYNGN Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.
An investment in our securities involves a high degree of risk. Before deciding whether to invest in our securities, you should consider carefully the risks and uncertainties discussed below, as well as those under the heading “Risk Factors” contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022 as filed with the SEC on March 17, 2023 and our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2023 as filed with the SEC on May 11, 2023, and as incorporated by reference in this prospectus, as the same may be amended, supplemented or superseded by the risks and uncertainties described under similar headings in the other documents that are filed by us after the date hereof and incorporated by reference into this prospectus. Please also read carefully the section above titled “Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.”
The sale of a substantial amount of our common stock, including resale of the shares of common stock held by the selling stockholders in the public market, could adversely affect the prevailing market price of our common stock.
This prospectus covers the resale of 7,721,781 shares of our common stock held by the selling stockholders. Sales of substantial amounts of our common stock in the public market, or the perception that such sales might occur, could adversely affect the market price of our common stock. We cannot predict if and when selling stockholders may sell such shares in the public market.
USE OF PROCEEDS
We will not receive any of the proceeds from any sale or other disposition of the shares of common stock covered by this prospectus.
DESCRIPTION OF CAPTIAL STOCK
Our certificate of incorporation, as amended and restated (“Certificate of Incorporation”) authorize us to issue up to 100,000,000 shares of common stock, $0.00001 par value. Each holder of our common stock is entitled to one (1) vote for each share held of record on all voting matters we present for a vote of stockholders, including the election of directors. Holders of common stock have no cumulative voting rights or preemptive rights to purchase or subscribe for any stock or other securities, and there are no conversion rights or redemption or sinking fund provisions with respect to our common stock. All shares of our common stock are entitled to share equally in dividends from sources legally available when, and if, declared by our Board of Directors.
Our Board of Directors is authorized to issue additional shares of common stock not to exceed the amount authorized by the Certificate of Incorporation, on such terms and conditions and for such consideration as the Board may deem appropriate without further stockholder action.
In the event of our liquidation or dissolution, all shares of our common stock are entitled to share equally in our assets available for distribution to stockholders. However, the rights, preferences and privileges of the holders of our common stock are subject to, and may be adversely affected by, the rights of the holders of shares of preferred stock that have been issued or shares of preferred stock that our Board of Directors may decide to issue in the future.
Our Certificate of Incorporation authorize us to issue up to 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock, $0.00001 par value. Our Board of Directors is authorized, without further action by the stockholders, to issue shares of preferred stock and to fix the designations, number, rights, preferences, privileges, and restrictions thereof, including dividend rights, conversion rights, voting rights, terms of redemption, liquidation preferences and sinking fund terms. We believe that the Board of Directors’ power to set the terms of, and our ability to issue preferred stock, will provide flexibility in connection with possible financing or acquisition transactions in the future. The issuance of preferred stock, however, could adversely affect the voting power of holders of common stock and decrease the amount of any liquidation distribution to such holders. The presence of outstanding preferred stock could also have the effect of delaying, deterring, or preventing a change in control of our Company.
We are parties to that certain second amended and restated investors’ rights agreement dated December 24, 2014. At any time after the 180 days following the effectiveness of the registration statement in connection with our initial public offering, the holders of registrable securities, as described in the second amended and restated investors’ rights agreement are entitled to rights with respect to the registration of their shares under the Securities Act. These rights are provided under the terms of the second amended and restated investors’ rights agreement, and include demand registration rights, short-form registration rights and piggyback registration rights. All fees, costs and expenses of underwritten registrations will be borne by us and all selling expenses, including underwriting discounts and selling commissions, will be borne by the holders of the shares being registered, except for certain expense of counsel which shall be borne by the Company.
At any time after the 180 days following the effectiveness of the registration statement in connection with our initial public offering, the holders of at least a majority of the registrable securities then outstanding, may make a written request that we register all or a portion of such registrable securities, subject to certain specified conditions and exceptions. Such request for registration must cover at least 40% of the registrable securities then outstanding.
At any time we are eligible to file a registration statement on Form S-3 the holders of at least 30% of the registrable securities then outstanding may make a written request that we that we prepare and file a registration statement on Form S-3 under the Securities Act with respect to registrable securities of such holders having an anticipated aggregate offering price, net of selling expenses, of at least $10 million, the Company, subject to certain specified conditions and exceptions.
If we propose to register any of our securities under the Securities Act in connection with the public offering of such securities solely for cash, the holders of our registrable securities, subject to certain exceptions, be entitled to include their shares in our registration statement. These registration rights are subject to specified conditions and limitations, including, but not limited to, the right of the underwriters to limit the number of shares included in any such offering under certain circumstances, but not below 30% of the total amount of securities included in such offering.
We are including the shares of the selling stockholder in this registration pursuant to the terms of the second amended and restated investor rights agreement.
Our second amended and restated investors’ rights agreement contains customary cross-indemnification provisions, under which we are obligated to indemnify holders of registrable securities in the event of material misstatements or omissions in the registration statement attributable to us, and they are obligated to indemnify us for material misstatements or omissions attributable to them.
Expiration of Registration Rights
The registration rights granted under the second amended and restated investor rights agreement will terminate on the earlier of the closing of a deemed liquidation event as defined in our second amended and restated certificate of incorporation, such time as Rule 144 is available for the sale of all of the holders’ shares without limitation during a three-month period and the fifth anniversary of the completion of this offering.
Certificate of Incorporation and Bylaw Provisions
Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and our amended and restated bylaws include a number of provisions that may have the effect of deterring hostile takeovers or delaying or preventing changes in control of our management team, including the following:
Classified Board. Our fifth amended and restated certificate of incorporation and amended and restated bylaws provide that our board of directors be classified into three classes of directors, each of which will hold office for a three-year term. In addition, directors may only be removed from the board of directors for cause and only by the approval of two-thirds of the combined vote of our then outstanding shares of common stock. A third party may be discouraged from making a tender offer or otherwise attempting to obtain control of us as it is more difficult and time consuming for stockholders to replace a majority of the directors on a classified board of directors.
Supermajority Approvals. Our amended and restated bylaws require the approval of two-thirds of the combined vote of our then-outstanding shares of our common stock to amend our bylaws. This will have the effect of making it more difficult to amend our amended and restated bylaws to remove or modify certain provisions.
Advance Notice Requirements for Stockholder Proposals and Director Nominations. Our amended and restated bylaws provide advance notice procedures for stockholders seeking to bring business before our annual meeting of stockholders, or to nominate candidates for election as directors at any meeting of stockholders. Our amended and restated bylaws also specify certain requirements regarding the form and content of a stockholder’s notice. These provisions may preclude our stockholders from bringing matters before our annual meeting of stockholders or from making nominations for directors at our meetings of stockholder.
Issuance of Undesignated Preferred Stock. Our board of directors have the authority, without further action by the holders of our common stock, to issue up to 10,000,000 shares of undesignated preferred stock with rights and preferences, including voting rights, designated from time to time by the board of directors. The existence of authorized but unissued shares of preferred stock will enable our board of directors to render more difficult or discourage an attempt to obtain control of us by means of a merger, tender offer, proxy contest, or otherwise.
Issuance of Unissued Stock. Our shares of unissued common stock are available for future issuance without stockholder approval, subject to certain protections afforded to our preferred stock pursuant to our certificate of incorporation, as amended and restated. We may utilize these additional shares for a variety of corporate purposes, including future public offerings to raise additional capital, to facilitate corporate acquisitions, payment as a dividend on the capital stock or as equity compensation to our service providers under our equity compensation plans. The existence of unissued and unreserved common stock may enable our board of directors to issue shares to persons friendly to current management thereby protecting the continuity of our management. Also, if we issue additional shares of our authorized, but unissued, common stock, these issuances will dilute the voting power and distribution rights of our existing common stockholders.
We are governed by the provisions of Section 203 of the DGCL. In general, Section 203 prohibits a public Delaware corporation from engaging in a “business combination” with an “interested stockholder” for a period of three years after the date of the transaction in which the person became an interested stockholder, unless:
|●||the business combination or transaction which resulted in the stockholder becoming an interested stockholder was approved by the board of directors prior to the time that the stockholder became an interested stockholder;|
|●||upon consummation of the transaction which resulted in the stockholder becoming an interested stockholder, the interested stockholder owned at least 85% of the voting stock of the corporation outstanding at the time the transaction commenced, excluding shares owned by directors who are also officers of the corporation and shares owned by employee stock plans in which employee participants do not have the right to determine confidentially whether shares held subject to the plan will be tendered in a tender or exchange offer; or|
|●||at or subsequent to the time the stockholder became an interested stockholder, the business combination was approved by the board of directors and authorized at an annual or special meeting of the stockholders, and not by written consent, by the affirmative vote of at least two-thirds of the outstanding voting stock which is not owned by the interested stockholder.|
In general, Section 203 defines a “business combination” to include mergers, asset sales and other transactions resulting in financial benefit to a stockholder and an “interested stockholder” as a person who, together with affiliates and associates, owns, or within three years did own, 15% or more of the corporation’s outstanding voting stock. These provisions may have the effect of delaying, deferring or preventing changes in control of our company.
Choice of Forum
Our amended and restated certificate of incorporation provide that unless the Company consents in writing to the selection of an alternative forum, the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware will be the exclusive forum for any derivative action or proceeding brought on our behalf; any action asserting a breach of fiduciary duty by any of our directors, officers or other employees to us or our stockholders; any action asserting a claim against the Company, our directors or officer or employees directors arising pursuant to any provision of the DGCL, our amended and restated certificate of incorporation or amended and restated bylaws or any other action asserting a claim against us our directors or officers or employees that is governed by the internal affairs doctrine. This choice of forum provision does not apply to actions brought to enforce a duty or liability created by the Exchange Act or any other claim for which federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction.
Furthermore, unless we consent in writing to the selection of an alternative forum, the federal district courts of the United States shall be the exclusive forum for the resolution of any complaint asserting a cause of action arising under the Securities Act. We intend for this provision to apply to any complaints asserting a cause of action under the Securities Act despite the fact that Section 22 of the Securities Act creates concurrent jurisdiction for the federal and state courts over all actions brought to enforce any duty or liability created by the Securities Act or the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder. The enforceability of similar choice of forum provisions in other companies’ certificates of incorporation has been challenged in legal proceedings, and it is possible that a court could find these types of provisions in our certificate of incorporation to be inapplicable or unenforceable
Limitations of Liability and Indemnification
Our Certificate of Incorporation limits the liability of directors to the maximum extent permitted by the DGCL. The DGCL provides that directors of a corporation will not be personally liable for monetary damages for breach of their fiduciary duties as directors.
Our bylaws, as amended, provide that we will indemnify our directors and officers to the fullest extent permitted by law, and may indemnify employees and other agents. Our bylaws also provide that we are obligated to advance expenses incurred by a director or officer in advance of the final disposition of any action or proceeding.
Our bylaws, as amended, subject to the provisions of the DGCL, contain provisions which allow the corporation to indemnify any person against liabilities and other expenses incurred as the result of defending or administering any pending or anticipated legal issue in connection with service to us if it is determined that person acted in good faith and in a manner which he or she reasonably believed was in the best interest of the corporation. Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act of 1933 as amended, or the Securities Act, may be permitted to our directors, officers and controlling persons, we have been advised that in the opinion of the Securities and Exchange Commission, such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is, therefore, unenforceable.
The limitation of liability and indemnification provisions in our bylaws may discourage stockholders from bringing a lawsuit against directors for breach of their fiduciary duties. They may also reduce the likelihood of derivative litigation against directors and officers, even though an action, if successful, might provide a benefit to us and our stockholders. Our results of operations and financial condition may be harmed to the extent we pay the costs of settlement and damage awards against directors and officers pursuant to these indemnification provisions.
At present, there is no pending litigation or proceeding involving any of our directors or officers as to which indemnification is required or permitted, and we are not aware of any threatened litigation or proceeding that may result in a claim for indemnification.
Transfer Agent and Registrar
The transfer agent and registrar for our common stock is Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company. Its fax number is (801) 274-1099. Investors may reach our transfer agent at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Pursuant to the second amended and restated investors’ rights agreement dated December 24, 2014 by and among us and certain of our stockholders, or the investors rights agreement, at any time after the 180 days following the effectiveness of the registration statement in connection with our initial public offering, the holders of registrable securities, as described in the second amended and restated investors’ rights agreement are entitled to rights with respect to the registration of their shares under the Securities Act. These rights are provided under the terms of the second amended and restated investors’ rights agreement, and include demand registration rights, short-form registration rights and piggyback registration rights. In accordance with this investors’ rights agreement, this prospectus relates to the resale or other disposition by the selling stockholders identified in the table below of up to an aggregate of 7,721,781 common shares held by such holders.
The shares of common stock being offered by the selling stockholders are those previously issued to the selling stockholders. We are registering the shares of common stock in order to permit the selling stockholders to offer the shares for resale from time to time. Except for as set forth below, the ownership of the shares of common stock or in the footnotes to the table below, the selling stockholders have not had any material relationship with us within the past three years.
The table below lists the selling stockholders and other information regarding the beneficial ownership of the shares of common stock by each of the selling stockholders. The second column lists the number of shares of common stock beneficially owned by each selling stockholder, based on its ownership of the shares of common stock as of May 15, 2023. The third column lists the shares of common stock being offered by this prospectus by the selling stockholders. The fourth column assumes the sale of all of the shares offered by the selling stockholders pursuant to this prospectus. The percentage of common stock owned after the offering is based upon 33,826,823 shares issued and outstanding as of May 15, 2023.
The selling stockholders may sell all, some or none of their shares in this offering. See “Plan of Distribution”.
|Name of Selling Stockholder|| Number of|
Number of shares of Common
Stock to be Sold
Pursuant to this
| Number of|
| Percentage of|
|Entities affiliated with Benchmark (1)||9,238,787||5,862,870||3,375,917||9.98||%|
|Andreessen Horowitz Fund III Entities (2)||5,234,828||1,858,911||3,375,917||9.98||%|
|*||Less than one percent.|
|(1)||Consists of (i) 8,948,625 shares held by Benchmark Capital Partners VII, L.P. (“BCP VII”), for itself and as nominee for Benchmark Founders’ Fund VII, L.P. (“BFF VII”) and Benchmark Founders’ Fund VII-B, L.P. (“BFF VII-B”), and (ii) 290,162 shares held by Benchmark Capital Partners VI, L.P. (“BCP VI”), for itself and as nominee for Benchmark Founders’ Fund VI, L.P. (“BFF VI”), Benchmark Founders’ Fund VI-B, L.P. (“BFF VI-B”) and related persons. Benchmark Capital Management Co. VII, L.L.C. (“BCMC VII”) is the general partner of BCP VII, BFF VII and BFF VII-B, and may be deemed to have sole voting and investment power over shares held by BCP VII. Matthew R. Cohler, Bruce W. Dunlevie, Peter H. Fenton, J. William Gurley, Kevin R. Harvey and Mitchell H. Lasky are the managing members of BCMC VII. Benchmark Capital Management Co. VI, L.L.C. (“BCMC VI”) is the general partner of BCP VI, BFF VI and BFF VI-B, and may be deemed to have sole voting and investment power over shares held by BCP VI. Alexandre Balkanski, Matthew R. Cohler, Bruce W. Dunlevie, Peter H. Fenton, J. William Gurley, Kevin R. Harvey, Robert C. Kagle and Mitchell H. Lasky are the managing members of BCMC VI. The principal business address for the Benchmark entities is 2965 Woodside Road, Woodside, California 94062. Mr. Lasky departed from Cyngn’s board of directors on August 9, 2022.|
|(2)||Consists of shares held by Andreessen Horowitz Fund III, L.P., for itself and as nominee for Andreessen Horowitz Fund III-A, L.P., Andreessen Horowitz Fund III-B, L.P., and Andreessen Horowitz Fund III-Q, L.P. (collectively, the “Andreessen Horowitz Fund III Entities”). The general partner of each of the Andreessen Horowitz Fund III Entities is AH Equity Partners III, L.L.C., of which the managing members are Marc Andreessen and Ben Horowitz.|
PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION
The selling stockholders, which as used herein includes partners, members, equityholders, transferees, pledgees, donees, or other successors-in-interest selling shares of common stock previously issued, or interests in shares of common stock received after the date of this prospectus from a selling stockholder as a gift, pledge, partnership distribution or other transfer, may, from time to time, sell, transfer or otherwise dispose of any or all of their shares of common stock or interests in shares of common stock on any stock exchange, market or trading facility on which the shares are traded or in private transactions. The selling stockholders may sell their shares of our common stock pursuant to this prospectus at fixed prices, at prevailing market prices at the time of sale, at prices related to the prevailing market price, at varying prices determined at the time of sale, or at negotiated prices.
The shares of common stock offered by this prospectus may be sold or distributed from time to time by the selling stockholders, or by their partners, members, equityholders, transferees, pledgees, donees, or other successors, in any one or more of the following ways:
|●||through the distribution by a selling stockholder to its partners, members or equityholders;|
|●||directly to one or more purchasers in privately negotiated transactions;|
|●||in underwritten offerings;|
|●||ordinary brokerage transactions and transactions in which the broker-dealer solicits purchasers;|
|●||block trades in which the broker-dealer will attempt to sell the shares as agent, but may position and resell a portion of the block as principal to facilitate the transaction;|
|●||purchases by a broker-dealer as principal and resale by the broker-dealer for its account;|
|●||an exchange distribution in accordance with the rules of the applicable exchange;|
|●||privately negotiated transactions;|
|●||through the writing or settlement of options or other hedging transactions, whether through an options exchange or otherwise;|
|●||broker-dealers may agree with the selling stockholders to sell a specified number of such shares at a stipulated price per share;|
|●||a combination of any such methods of sale; and|
|●||any other method permitted pursuant to applicable law.|
A selling stockholder that is venture capital fund, institutional investor or pooled investment vehicle may elect to make an in-kind distribution of shares of common stock, on a pro rata basis or otherwise, to its members, general or limited partners or shareholders pursuant to the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part by delivering a prospectus. To the extent that such members, partners, or shareholders are not affiliates of ours, such members, partners or shareholders would thereby receive freely tradable shares of common stock covered by this registration statement pursuant to such distribution.
Once sold under the shelf registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part the shares of common stock will be freely tradeable in the hands of persons other than our affiliates.
The selling stockholders may also sell shares under Rule 144 under the Securities Act, if available, rather than under this prospectus.
The selling stockholders may, from time to time, pledge or grant a security interest in some or all of the shares of common stock owned by them and, if they default in the performance of their secured obligations, the pledgees or secured parties may offer and sell the shares of common stock, from time to time, under this prospectus, or under an amendment to this prospectus under Rule 424(b)(3) or other applicable provision of the Securities Act amending the list of selling stockholders to include the pledgee, transferee or other successors in interest as selling stockholders under this prospectus. The selling stockholders also may transfer the shares of common stock in other circumstances, in which case the transferees, pledgees or other successors in interest will be the selling beneficial owners for purposes of this prospectus.
In connection with the sale of our common stock or interests therein, the selling stockholders may enter into hedging transactions with broker- dealers or other financial institutions, which may in turn engage in short sales of the common stock in the course of hedging the positions they assume. The selling stockholders may also sell shares of our common stock short and deliver these securities to close out their short positions, or loan or pledge the common stock to broker-dealers that in turn may sell these securities. The selling stockholders may also enter into option or other transactions with broker-dealers or other financial institutions or the creation of one or more derivative securities which require the delivery to such broker-dealer or other financial institution of shares offered by this prospectus, which shares such broker-dealer or other financial institution may resell pursuant to this prospectus (as supplemented or amended to reflect such transaction).
The aggregate proceeds to the selling stockholders from the sale of the common stock offered by them will be the purchase price of the common stock less discounts or commissions, if any. Each of the selling stockholders reserves the right to accept and, together with their agents from time to time, to reject, in whole or in part, any proposed purchase of common stock to be made directly or through agents. We will not receive any of the proceeds from this offering.
The selling stockholders and any broker-dealers or agents that participate in the sale of the common stock or interests therein may be “underwriters” within the meaning of Section 2(11) of the Securities Act. Any discounts, commissions, concessions or profit they earn on any resale of the shares may be underwriting discounts and commissions under the Securities Act. Selling stockholders who are “underwriters” within the meaning of Section 2(11) of the Securities Act will be subject to the prospectus delivery requirements of the Securities Act.
To the extent required, the shares of our common stock to be sold, the names of the selling stockholders, the respective purchase prices and public offering prices, the names of any agents, dealer or underwriter, any applicable commissions or discounts with respect to a particular offer will be set forth in an accompanying prospectus supplement or, if appropriate, a post-effective amendment to the registration statement that includes this prospectus.
In order to comply with the securities laws of some states, if applicable, the common stock may be sold in these jurisdictions only through registered or licensed brokers or dealers. In addition, in some states the common stock may not be sold unless it has been registered or qualified for sale or an exemption from registration or qualification requirements is available and is complied with.
The anti-manipulation rules of Regulation M under the Exchange Act may apply to sales of the common stock in the market and to the activities of the selling stockholders and their affiliates. These rules may limit the timing of purchases and sales of the common stock by such selling stockholders. Regulation M may also restrict the ability of any person engaged in the distribution of the common stock to engage in market-making activities with respect to the shares. All of the foregoing may affect the marketability of the common stock and the ability of any person or entity to engage in market-making activities with respect to the common stock.
Pursuant to that certain second amended and restated investors’ rights agreement, we have agreed to bear all expenses in connection with the registration of the common stock by the selling stockholders. The selling stockholders have agreed to bear all underwriting discounts, selling commissions, and share transfer taxes applicable to the sale of such common stock, and fees and disbursements of counsel for the selling stockholders, other than the fees and disbursements of one counsel for the selling stockholders, which we have agreed to pay in an amount not to exceed $25,000. We have also agreed to indemnify the selling stockholders against certain liabilities, including liabilities for violations of the Securities Act, Exchange Act and state securities laws and liabilities relating to this prospectus and the registration statement of which it forms a part, including amendments and supplements.
We have agreed with the selling stockholders to keep the registration statement of which this prospectus constitutes a part effective until such time as the shares offered by the selling stockholders have been effectively registered under the Securities Act and disposed of in accordance with such investors’ rights agreement, the shares offered by the selling stockholders have been disposed of pursuant to Rule 144 under the Securities Act or the shares offered by the selling stockholders may be resold pursuant to Rule 144 without restriction or limitation (including without the requirement to be in compliance with Rule 144(c)(1)) or another similar exemption under the Securities Act.
The validity of the shares of common stock offered hereby will be passed upon for us by Sichenzia Ross Ference LLP, New York, New York.
The consolidated balance sheets of the Company as of December 31, 2022 and 2021, the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ equity and cash flows for each of the two years in the period ended December 31, 2022 and the related notes, have been audited by Marcum LLP, independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in their report which is incorporated herein by reference. Such financial statements have been incorporated herein by reference in reliance on the report of such firm given upon their authority as experts in accounting and auditing.
WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION
We have filed with the SEC a registration statement on Form S-3 under the Securities Act that registers the shares of our common stock covered by this prospectus. This prospectus does not contain all of the information set forth in the registration statement and the exhibits thereto. For further information with respect to us and our common stock, you should refer to the registration statement and the exhibits filed as a part of the registration statement. Statements contained in or incorporated by reference into this prospectus concerning the contents of any contract or any other document are not necessarily complete. If a contract or document has been filed as an exhibit to the registration statement or one of our filings with the SEC that is incorporated by reference into the registration statement, we refer you to the copy of the contract or document that has been filed. Each statement contained in or incorporated by reference into this prospectus relating to a contract or document filed as an exhibit is qualified in all respects by the filed exhibit.
We are subject to the informational reporting requirements of the Exchange Act. We file reports, proxy statements and other information with the SEC. Our SEC filings are available over the Internet at the SEC’s website at http://www.sec.gov.
We make available, free of charge, on our website at www.cyngn.com, our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports and statements as soon as reasonably practicable after they are filed with the SEC. The contents of our website are not part of this prospectus, and the reference to our website does not constitute incorporation by reference into this prospectus of the information contained on or through that site, other than documents we file with the SEC that are specifically incorporated by reference into this prospectus.
INFORMATION INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
The SEC allows us to “incorporate by reference” into this prospectus the information in documents we file with it, which means that we can disclose important information to you by referring you to those documents. The information incorporated by reference is considered to be a part of this prospectus, and information that we file later with the SEC will automatically update and supersede this information. Any statement contained in any document incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference herein shall be deemed to be modified or superseded for purposes of this prospectus to the extent that a statement contained in or omitted from this prospectus or any accompanying prospectus supplement, or in any other subsequently filed document which also is or is deemed to be incorporated by reference herein, modifies or supersedes such statement. Any such statement so modified or superseded shall not be deemed, except as so modified or superseded, to constitute a part of this prospectus.
We incorporate by reference the documents listed below and any future documents that we file with the SEC (excluding any portion of such documents that are furnished and not filed with the SEC) under Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act (i) after the date of the initial filing of the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part prior to the effectiveness of the registration statement and (ii) after the date of this prospectus until the offering of the securities is terminated:
|●||our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022 filed with the SEC on March 17, 2023;|
|●||our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2023 filed with the SEC on May 11, 2023;|
|●||our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on March 29, 2023; and|
|●||the description of our common stock contained in our Registration Statement on Form 8-A registering our common stock under Section 12(b) under the Exchange Act, filed with the SEC on October 19, 2021.|